Alcohol Abuse Rehabilitation and Treatment Center

Physical Effects of Alcohol

Alcohol is a legal but possibly dangerous drug.  Although alcohol may seem to relax the body and mind, it is actually destroying them. When large amounts of alcohol are consumed, many lives are put into jeopardy.  Not only is the person endangering himself, but he also poses a threat to the general public if his actions are not controlled.  Studies show that a moderate intake of alcohol can have its benefits, but when alcohol is consumed in extreme amounts, more than one or two drinks a day, the effects can be troubling. There are many disturbing short term and long term physical effects of alcohol. The short term physical effects of alcohol can be seen soon after a person ingests a more than moderate amount of alcohol, varying from person to person.  After drinking alcohol, a person’s inhibitions seem to deteriorate.  As a result, the person may be seen to be talkative.  Alcohol impairs coordination and judgment which can lead to a very dangerous situation if a drunken person attempts to drive a vehicle.  Many lives have been lost to drunk drivers. When extreme amounts of alcohol are consumed, a person may experience slurred speech, nausea, or vomiting.  Aggressive, angry behavior can also be seen in many individuals.  The day after consuming large amounts of alcohol, a person can be seen to feel sick, experiencing headaches, nausea, and exhaustion.   

The long term physical effects of alcohol can be devastating to a person’s body.  Excessive amounts of alcohol over a long period of time can cause damage to a person’s liver, heart, brain, digestive system, skeletal system, and reproductive system.  Long term alcohol use can destroy the liver.  As a result, a person may begin to show signs of alcoholic hepatitis, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and jaundice.  Cirrhosis of the liver will eventually occur after the liver has been scarred beyond repair.  The liver stops working, and death eventually occurs.  Alcohol creates high blood pressure which weakens the heart, increasing the risk of a stroke or heart failure.  The brain will quit functioning correctly as a result of alcohol.  As alcohol damages and kills brain cells, coordination, concentration, and memory will deteriorate. Alcohol also has disturbing effects on the stomach, the colon, the pancreas, and the intestinal track. Alcohol destroys the digestive system, preventing it from absorbing the necessary nutrients.  When the body is not able to absorb these needed nutrients, a calcium deficiency can occur, causing weaker and thinner bones.  In men, alcohol can create an inability to reproduce.

Alcohol is consumed all around the world on a daily basis.  As a result, millions experience the physical effects of alcohol which can be painful and deadly.  A temperate drinker can be healthy, but when consumed in large amounts, alcohol can destroy a person’s body and life.  Although alcohol is legal, it should only be consumed in moderate amounts for the short-term and long-term physical effects can be devastating.